Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. The name change is rather conveniently timed for the state's ruling communists, just weeks before India's general elections and at a time when Calcuttans may be losing faith in the cosmopolitanism that has defined the city. I tried to avoid changing "Kolkata" to "Calcutta" in proper names. For example, the renaming of the Madras Presidency to Madras State in 1947 and then Tamil Nadu in 1969 required non-Tamil speakers to change from an approximation of the British name (Tamil: மதராஸ் மாகாணம் Madras Presidency, then Madras State Tamil: மதராஸ் மாநிலம்) to a native Tamil name (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு Tamil Nadu, "Tamil country"). Finally, in 2001, it was changed to Kolkata. • The southern state of Kerala led the way in changing place names to remove the colonial influence. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. We were used to calling it Kolkata in Bengali and Calcutta in English, and we switched between both names with as much fluency as we switched between those two languages. Kolkata City Of Joy: Beautiful Bengal Moist weather, fish curries, agarbatti aromas, sweet mishtis…art, culture, history and dance all are in one land Bengal. Some of these local name changes were changes made in all languages: the immediate local name, and also all India's other languages. It didn't really affect us much. There are two main views on the etymology of the name Hatibagan. This eventually went on to become the first capital of Union Jack India. With Mother Teresa in the headlines, so is the name of the city where she lived for decades. It didn't really affect us much. These can be represented as a change from Urdu language to Hindi language, but since the two languages are variants of Hindustani the proposal is effectively a cultural and ethno-religious proposal rather than a linguistic one. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. These changes did not generate significant controversy. The confusion inherent in such variations has often resulted in serious consequences like people having two "different" addresses (theoretically designating the same place) in their official records leading to legal disputes, or one house having residents of different house addresses due to differing place names. It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. In 1957, the West Bengal government ordered the removal of the bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta. To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. Yet, here we are again going back to the roots with the 16th-century old Kalikatta. Celebrations in Kolkata have come under the scanner of the Calcutta high court, even as some major cities in India have put restrictions to control the crowd on the night of … Firmly believing in the adage "the more the merrier," the state will be called Bangla in Bengali, Bengal in English and Bangal in Hindi. Calcutta - Kolkata debate . I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. According to some, 'Kalikata' is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, which means Ground of Kali (the goddess) According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location … The change will occur on August 24, Calcutta's 390th birthday. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. ", Gazetteer of the Nellore District: Brought Up to 1938 - Page 151 Government Of Madras Staff, Government of Madras - 1942 "... of the Ramayana (2000 — 1500 BC) was a dense jungle, while the town of Nellore, which came into existence only several centuries later, was known as Simhapuri (Lion's town), from the supposed existence of lions in the adjacent forests. Name changes have varied with respect to the levels of language at which they have been applied, and also accepted. Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. There are also plans to change other anglicised place names. I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. The area also was named after him and later the name was changed to the current one. A few months ago, the state government introduced the use of Bengali for official work and is to begin phasing out English. No one expected a sudden change this soon. Notable city names that were officially changed by legislation after independence include: For others, by state order, see list of renamed Indian cities and states. To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. The plea sought directions to authorities concerned to cancel the notification, if any, whereby Kolkata Port Trust has been renamed and, in case, there is a change of name… The name was changed by an act of the Indian parliament in 1997. Later state name changes include the reorganisation of Madhya Bharat into Madhya Pradesh in 1959;[3] and the renamings of the Madras State to Tamil Nadu in 1969, of the Mysore State to Karnataka in 1973, and of Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand in 2007. W hen I remember Calcutta – as the residents of Kolkata still call their city, despite its official name change – it appears before my mind’s eye in sepia tones, muted and mild, as if everything were seen through a thick particulate haze. Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta: Origin of the name Calcutta is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. There was a Buddhist temple at Janbazar, nearby. Several changes were controversial, and not all proposed changes were implemented. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. Especially in Calcutta, which barely existed before the Raj. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (IATA: CCU, ICAO: VECC) is an international airport located in Dum Dum, West Bengal, India, serving the Kolkata metropolitan area.It is located approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre. Kolkata (Calcutta) Tourism and Travel: Best of Kolkata (Calcutta) About Kolkata (Calcutta) This former British colonial stronghold boasts evidence of over two millennia of habitation, with ornate, architecturally diverse buildings, ranging from crumbing ruins to Victorian treasures. Two centuries later, the Albanian-born nun Mother Teresa would tap into hoary and embellished tales of those deaths, and the ravages wrought on a city by famine and war in its hinterlands, and labour unrest in its heart. However, the origins of the city’s name are still shrouded in mystery. For example, the change of Madras (Tamil: மதராஸ் Madras) to Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை Chennai) was reflected in many of India's languages, and incidentally in English, while the Tamil endonym had always been Chennai and remained unaffected by the change. Film-maker Mrinal Sen, who is revered as a cultural icon in Calcutta, said: "They say this is how we can get rid of the colonial legacy. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. This makes it the third largest city of India. I can quote Shelley," says the former Maoist guerrilla. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. (The full text of the announcement reads: "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkatta'(sic)." An example is the change from English "Calcutta" to English "Kolkata" – the local Bengali name (কলকাতা Kôlkata) did not change. In the case of smaller towns and districts which were less notable outside and inside India, and where a well known English name (or exonym) could not be said to exist, older spellings used under British India may not have had any specific legislation other than changes in practice on the romanisation of indigenous Indian language names. Similarly, Calcutta was the anglicised name of Kolkata. He was commander of the British forces during the 1857 Indian mutiny. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - … This is one thing I don't understand at all. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. It didn't really affect us much. Calcutta, the bustling metropolis where I was born, once the First City of the British Raj, had already rechristened itself as Kolkata in 2001. India has various local languages. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs.This makes it the third largest city of India. Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. … Internationally, however, Calcutta may still be the most commonly used name. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. Many people argue that such confusion can lead to indeterminate and/or unintended consequences.[2]. How do you do that? Get information on Kolkata (Calcutta) Travel Guide - Expert Picks for your Vacation hotels, restaurants, entertainment, shopping, sightseeing, and activities. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. The renaming of states and territories in India has also taken place, but until the 2010s with actual substantial name changes in both local language and in English such as the old British state name of Travancore-Cochin to Kerala (1956). During partition back then Bengal was divided into two parts, one was East Bengal while the […] The former capital of British India is the third metropolis in less than four years to change its name, much to the disgust of the Statesman newspaper, itself a 111-year-old relic of the Raj. Representative image . The renaming of cities is often specifically from English to Indian English in connection with that dialect's internal reforms. 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