Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner", 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges", 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s. Its temperature is subtropical in general, with hot summers and cold winters. Image: 1.bp.blogspot.com, Famous Indian emperors Chandragupta Maurya, Samudragupta, Vikramaditya, and Ashoka the Great were from Bihar. “ Bihar is coincided by very few great Landmarks...The Harmandir Saheb is the famous seat of Sri Guru Govind Singh Has the Xth Guru of Sikhs and founder of Khalsa Panth among Sikhs. Besides being a … Whereas, Magadha, Vaishali, Mithila, Anga, Sakyapradesh, Vijji, Janaka were considered as important kingdoms. Bihar e-Governance Services & Technologies (BeST) and the government of Bihar have initiated a unique program to establish a centre of excellence called Bihar Knowledge Center, a finishing school to equip students with the latest skills and customised short-term training programs at an affordable cost. Portrait of Veer Kunwar Singh. In turn, this prevents the government from making evidence-based conclusions about policy changes and hospital effectiveness, resulting in patterns of ill-informed spending and inconsistent hiring. The success of Ravi Kishan and Manoj Tiwari's films led to a revival in Bhojpuri cinema, and the industry began to support an awards show[126] and trade magazine Bhojpuri City. Censusindia.gov.in. [86], Bihar generally ranks weakest in health outcomes in comparison to other Indian states. [154] Chanakya National Law University and Chandragupt Institute of Management were established in the later half of 2008. Bihar is where the Buddha began his journey to enlightenment, and it's possible to follow in his sacred footsteps. Common scenes illustrate deities and Saraswati from ancient epics, celestial objects, and religious plants like Tulsi, and scenes from the royal court and social events. ), thus becoming the first successful republic in the world. 3. [120] [58] The sub-Himalayan foothill of Someshwar and the Dun ranges in the Champaran district have belts of moist deciduous forests, mixed with shrubs, grass and reeds. Nalanda University was re-established in 2014. [52] Bihar remained a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912, when Bihar and Orissa was carved out as a separate province. It has been regarded as the second most important state that has produced many numbers of IAS officers. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. [7] However, the majority of the people of Bihar speak one of the Bihari languages: most of which as classified as dialects of Hindi during the census. [114] Singh, in another book on Indian classical music, wrote that "Kumar Shyamanand Singh of Banaili estate had such expertise in singing that many great singers including Kesarbai Kerkar acknowledged his ability. These arguments often rely on references to historical or current famous people and places from Bihar. [35] Sita, a daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila is mentioned as the consort of Lord Rama, in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki. 25. India’s first president Dr. Rajendra Prasad belonged to Bihar. It has three constituent colleges namely, Bihar Veterinary College, Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology (Patna) and College of Fisheries, Kishanganj. It will be the first glass in Bihar and the second in the country," he said. On 8 August 2008, Indian Institutes of Technology Patna was inaugurated with students from all over India[150] In 2008, NSIT opened its new college in Bihta, which is now emerging as an education hub. [38][39], The Gupta Empire, which originated in Magadha in 240 AD, is referred as the Golden Age of India in science, mathematics, astronomy, commerce, religion, and Indian philosophy. It was said that the Nalanda library was set on fire by the army of BakhtiyarKhilji. [6] Urdu is the second official language in 15 districts of the state. Bihar covers a total area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi), with an average elevation above sea level of 173 feet (53 m). India’s is a country where Cricket is no less than a religion, and the name MS Dhoni is one of the most celebrated chapters of this religion. A monthly magazine named Bharat Ratna was started in Patna, in 1901. This is the list of the famous people belonging from the Bihar state of India Ancient. Bihar occupied an important position in the early history of India. The movement intensified and spread from Bihar across the rest of India, culminating in the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) at the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress in April 1936, where Saraswati was elected as its first president. Vaishali is also the birthplace of Lord Mahavir. [47] After the fall of the Pala Empire, the Chero dynasty ruled some parts of Bihar from the 12th century until Mughal rule in the 16th century. The name Bihar is a derivative from Vihara, which means ‘monastery’. Raja Kunwar Singh – was the King of the then Jagdishpiur (presently part of Bhojpur district) who participated and fought during 1857 revolt. It began in 1929 under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who formed the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS), to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights. Bihar-sharif is famous for its delicios food.Such as Revri,Tilkut,Anersa and Khaja.First three items are made of til (an oil seed)and last one made by maida.While Revari is available through all seasons, but Anersa and Tilkut are available only seasonaly,usually Anersa in the rauny season and Tilkut in … Bihar, state of eastern India. [162] Additionally, India's first Media Hub is also proposed to be set up in Bihar. Famous Mithila painters include Smt Bharti Dayal, M… Bihar has a total of three operational airports as of 2020: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, Gaya Airport in Gaya, and Darbhanga Airport in Darbhanga. In fact, the state held a huge significance since the early days of the Vedic period. [78] The kings of the Videha Kingdom were called Janakas. Famous Persons from Bihar. All institutes are recognised by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), affiliated with Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU). In contrast to prior governments, which emphasised divisions of caste and religion, his political platform was based on economic development, reduction of crime and corruption, and greater social equality. Mentioned in the Ramayana, the city is known for the world popular Madhubani paintings whose origin lie here. A report of the Resource Tracking and Management Project", "Quality improvement efforts in public health facilities of Bihar – Some general findings, Sector Wide Approach to Strengthening Health (SWASTH) in Bihar, Government of Bihar Initiative Supported by Department for International Development (DFID)", "What does quality of care mean for maternal health providers from two vulnerable states of India? [64] Bihar has a total literacy rate of 63.82% (73.39% for males and 53.33% for females), recording a growth of 20% in female literacy over the preceding decade. [17] Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. It is believed that the last and most famous Jain Tirthankara, Mahavira spent 14 … [136] Udyog was edited by Vijyaanand Tripathy, a famous poet of the time, and Chaitanya Chandrika by Krishna Chaitanya Goswami, a literary figure of that time. GIF: storypick.com. His Super 30 program prepares economically backward students for IIT-JEE, the entrance examination for the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Facing persecution from the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, these artisans found refuge, via Murshidabad, in Patna during the late 18th century. There are also plans on constructing a cancer institute within Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences premises and transformation of Patna Medical College and Hospital into a world-class health centre. Image: 2.bp.blogspot.com, The world-famous Nalanda University is located in the capital city of Patna. Home to India’s Most Celebrated Mathematician! In 2010 Government of Bihar established Bihar Agricultural University at Sabour in Bhagalpur district. When comparing Bihar to Kerala, the number of healthcare professionals (including registered nurses, auxiliary nurses, physicians and health supervisors) at each hospital are significantly lower, and remain constant over time while they steadily increase in number in Kerala. Mithila gained prominence after the establishment of the Videha Kingdom. Image: 2.bp.blogspot.com, The Mundeshwari temple in Bihar is known as the oldest Hindu temple in India. About 80% of the state's population is employed in agriculture, which is above the national average. Image: newslaundry.com, Bihar’s Vaishali district is considered the first republic in the world. Tourists also come in large numbers to the Mahabodhi temple and Bodh Gaya. High rainfall (above 1,600 mm [63 in]) promotes forests of Sal (Shorea robusta) in these areas. Vessels capable of accommodating five hundred merchants were known to ply this river in the ancient period, when it served as a conduit for overseas trade. The prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University has invited him to speak on his noble efforts. An ancient metropolis, the capital of the Republic of the Vaishali state and the capital of the Vajjian Confederacy (Vijji), Vaishali is prominently mentioned in Jain and Buddhist texts which emerged later. Maithili film Mithila Makhaan won the Best Time: October to February The most important Buddhist pilgrimage place in the world is Bodhgaya, where the Buddha became enlightened while meditating under a bodhi tree. Buddhism in Magadha went into decline due to the invasion of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji, during which many of the viharas were destroyed along with the universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila. [28], The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word vihāra (Devanagari: विहार), meaning "abode". Image: mysteryofindia.com, The tomb of the Mughal emperor Sher Shah Suri and the Maner Sharif have magnificent architecture. In 2004, the government of India upgraded the college to National Institute of Technology (NIT) status. Other tributaries are the Son, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Phalgu. He is widely known as the “Father of the Nation.” We bet you didn’t know this one! A perfect reminisce to the time of flourishing Gupta and Pala period, Nalanda is an acclaimed tourist attraction in Bihar. Films such as Mai ("Mom", 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife", 1983, directed by Kalpataru) had success at the box office. Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit word. [142] Bihar saw a revival of its education system during the later part of the British rule, when Patna University, the seventh oldest university of the Indian subcontinent, was established in 1917. The Great, Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavir were propagators of this enchanting thought. At the time of independence, women's literacy in Bihar was 4.22%. 1900; now known as National Institute of Technology, Patna), Prince of Wales Medical College (est. [125] Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. In another section, there is a modern map of Bihar with names of places, … Bihar is a famous destination not just for Buddhists but also for Jains and Hindus. Research indicates that Bihar relies on privatised hospitals to provide healthcare to the masses, with the second-highest ratio among Indian states for private to public spending and high levels of corruption. The region roughly encompassing the present state had many Buddhist vihāras, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. [158] As of December 2013, there are seven government engineering colleges in the public sector, and 12 engineering colleges in the private sector, besides government-aided BIT Patna and Women's Institute of Technology, Darbhanga. He also served as the chief minister and the governor general of the country. Bihar has a High Court which has been functioning since 1916. Image: i.ytimg.com, Aryabhatta who gave zero number to the world, the nine planets theory, and trigonometric rules was from Bihar. [71] However speaker numbers for these languages are limited because the more educated and urban prefer to speak in Hindi (in formal contexts) and so return this answer on the census, and in rural and uneducated areas they simply return their language as "Hindi" on the census. 1928), Patna Women's College, Bihar Veterinary College (est. Bihar has reserved Forest area of 6,845 km2 (2,643 sq mi), which is 7.27% of its geographical area. Some historians believe that thousands of Buddhist monks were massacred during the 12th century. [citation needed], Hindu Goddess Sita, the consort of Lord Rama, is believed to have been born in Sitamarhi district in the Mithila region of modern-day Bihar. [53][54], In the northern and central regions of Bihar, the Kisan Sabha (peasant movement) was an important consequence of the independence movement. After listening to bandishes from Kumar Sahib, Pandit Jasraj was moved to tears and lamented that, alas, he did not have such ability himself." Almost every district has a DM or SP from Bihar. Here is the top facts about Bihar. Its origin can be traced to 1886, with the establishment of a survey training school, subsequently renamed Bihar College of Engineering in 1932. [151][152] BCE, Bhagalpur, MIT, Muzaffarpur, and the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hajipur (NIPER)[153] are in Bihar. It was started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a Marathi Brahman who settled in Bihar Sharif. 3. It was also India's most densely populated state, with 1,106 persons per square kilometre. [156], Bihar has a National Institute of Technology (NIT) and an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Patna. There are many other political formations. [128][129] Gautama Buddha attained Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, a town located in the modern day district of Gaya in Bihar. Deciduous forests also occur in the Saharsa and Purnia districts,[59] with common trees including Shorea robusta (sal), Diospyros melanoxylon (kendu), Boswellia serrata (salai), Terminalia tomentose (asan), Terminalia bellerica (bahera), Terminalia arjuna (arjun), Pterocarpus marsupium (paisar), and Madhuca indica (mahua). It is the fourth largest producer of vegetables and the eight largest producers of fruits in India. [95][94] Despite these shortcomings, Bihar has shown gradual signs of improvement for female health workers,[87] death rate, and infant, neo-natal, child and maternal morality rates. Executive power rests with the chief minister and their cabinet. It is the third-largest state by population and twelfth-largest by territory, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). Since antiquity, Bodh Gaya has remained the object of pilgrimage and veneration both for Hindus and Buddhists. [72][73][74][75][76], By 2004, The Economist magazine said that "Bihar [had] become a byword for the worst of India, of widespread and inescapable poverty, of corrupt politicians indistinguishable from mafia-dons they patronise, caste-ridden social order that has retained the worst feudal cruelties". Since the early history of India: Paper1: Census 2011 '' Bihar Yoga Bharti was founded Chandragupta! 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