Among children, 17,735 were considered UASC while claiming asylum in Europe … In total, 139,300 refugees and migrants arrived in Europe, the lowest number in five years. temporary closure of asylum authorities, suspension of asylum interviews, suspension of lodging applications), which resulted in a drop in the number of asylum applications as well as in the number of decisions issued starting from March 2020. World refugee statistics for 2016 was 22,527,930.00, a 5.38% increase from 2015. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. These five Member States accounted together for 91 % of all first instance decisions issued in the EU-27. SEPTEMBER 2020. introducing an evaluation and early warning mechanism to detect and address emerging problems; making the supporting role of the EASO more effective; increasing the amount of funds available and making these more flexible, taking into account significant fluctuations in the number of asylum seekers; developing and encouraging the relocation of beneficiaries of international protection between different EU Member States. The UK Government also resettles refugees through two other programmes. Please check your download folder. Among the countries with more than 5 000 applicants in the third quarter of 2020, Greece, France and Germany recorded relative decreases of 51 %, 39 % and 27 % respectively, whereas Spain recorded an increase of 4 %, in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! (Table 4). A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. It reflects the reality that most migrants come to the EU through legal channels, which should be better matched to EU labour market needs. The most substantial relative decrease in the number of asylum applicants in the EU in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 was recorded for Albanians (77 % fewer), Iranians (68 % fewer), Georgians (67 % fewer), Russians (59 % fewer) and Salvadorans (58 % fewer) (Figure 2, Table 1). It also provides technical and operational support to EU Member States facing particular pressures (in other words, those EU Member States receiving large numbers of asylum applicants). There was hope, this year, that Europe’s migrant crisis might abate. In December 2011, the European Commission adopted a Communication on ‘Enhanced intra-EU solidarity in the field of asylum’ (COM(2011) 835 final). In this report, the exact number of decisions has been used for calculations instead of the presented rounded numbers. Refugees and Asylees: 2019 . The World Migration Report 2020 project commenced in May 2018 and culminated in the launch of the report in November 2019 by the Director General at the 110th session of IOM Council. In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). Journeys of hope: what will migration routes into Europe look like in 2021? If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for over 60 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… This page was last modified on 16 December 2020, at 15:10. first-time asylum applicants and repeated asylum applicants. For more detailed information about the distribution of decision outcomes please refer to Table 6. ... Italy and Spain en route to Europe since 2015. Venezuelans received the highest number of decisions granting protection status in the EU Member States, including protection based on national legislations (16 400 positive first instance decisions, or 97 % rate of recognition[5]) (Table 7). We are now witnessing the highest levels of displacement on record. Data are based entirely on relevant administrative sources. refugees enter the EU materialised on 28 February 2020, when Turkey opened its borders with Greece, setting the scene for a new refugee crisis. This page has been accessed 141,136 times. Rates of recognition for humanitarian status are not shown, but are part of the 'Total recognition rate'. Data on asylum applications are collected monthly while data on first instance decisions are collected quarterly. The number of first-time asylum applicants[1] in the EU-27 decreased by 30 % in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 and increased by 132 % compared with the second quarter of 2020. In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Please check your download folder. Every fall, the U.S. president sets a refugee ceiling – the maximum number of refugees who may enter the country in a fiscal year. During the third quarter of 2020, 149 200 first instance decisions[3] were made by the national authorities of EU Member States. In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). Among them, 38 % were positive (i.e. In 2019, there were 714,200 applications for international protection in the EU plus Norway and Switzerland, which is 13% more than the 634,700 applications received in 2018. Spain issued the most total first instance decisions[4] during the third quarter of 2020 (60 200 decisions), followed by Germany (31 000), France (19 700), Greece (13 500), Italy (7 600) and Sweden (3 500) (Figure 4). The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 EU Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The swell of Syrians has pushed Turke… World refugee statistics for 2019 was 26,079,842.00, a 0.7% increase from 2018. Some 102,600 refugees returned to their countries of origin in the first half of 2020 while 17,400 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance). The United States provides protection to certain persons who have been persecuted or have a well-founded fear of persecution through two programs: a refugee program for persons outside the United States and their eligible Such optimism has now faded, replaced by a sobering realisation: 2020 could mark a new low. In 2019, more than two-thirds of all refugees came from just five countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar. Of the 18 100 Syrians who applied for the first time for asylum in the EU in the third quarter of 2020, 60 % were registered in Germany (10 900) while 96 % of 9 600 Venezuelans applied for asylum in Spain (9 200). 1 Refugee admissions into the U.S. have declined substantially during Donald Trump’s presidency. This provided proposals to reinforce practical, technical and financial cooperation, moving towards a better allocation of responsibilities and improved governance of the asylum system in the EU, namely through: In September 2020, the European Commission presented the New Pact on Migration and Asylum. World refugee statistics for 2017 was 25,376,316.00, a 12.64% increase from 2016. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. The number of asylum applicants decreased most in absolute terms for citizens of Albania (3 450 fewer), Turkey (3 180 fewer), Iran (3 040 fewer), Afghanistan (2 940 fewer), Georgia (2 930 fewer), Syria (2 630 fewer), Pakistan (2 540 fewer) and Iraq (2 370 fewer) (Table 1). During 2018, almost 32,400 refugees were submitted by UNHCR for resettlement to 20 countries in Europe. Asylum decisions in the EU. During the third quarter of 2020, 149 200 first instance decisions were made … In the year ending September 2020, just 396 refugees from conflict zones across the world were resettled in Britain via the Gateway Protection Programme. In the history of statistics on refugees, the last five years have seen the greatest rate of increase on … 201 refugees were resettled via the Vulnerable Children’s Resettlement Scheme in the same time period. The Situation. UNHCR registered refugees by country/territory of asylum between mid-2016 and 2007 Country/territory of asylum Refugees per 1,000 inhabitants in mid-2015 2019 mid-2016 mid-2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 Afghanistan: 7.14 72,228 59,771: 205,558: 280,267: 72: 75: 66: 43: 37: 37: 42 Albania: 0.05 128 138: 154: 104: 96: 86: 82: 76: 70 79.5 million individuals have been forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence or human rights violations. Decisions on asylum applications. France (with 13 600 fewer applicants) was the country with the largest absolute decrease in the number of first-time applicants, followed by Germany (with 10 000 fewer applicants) and Greece (with 9 100 fewer applicants). European Union Refugee Statistics 1990-2021, European Union refugee statistics for 2019 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2018 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2017 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2016 was. A number of directives in this area have been developed. The European Commission’s policy plan on asylum (COM(2008) 360 final) was presented in June 2008 which included three pillars to underpin the development of the CEAS: With this in mind, in 2009 the European Commission made a proposal to establish a European Asylum Support Office (EASO). All data presented in this publication are rounded to the nearest 5, and are provisional (except as otherwise stated) and may be subject to change. nearly a third of them (202,945) were children. Main trends in the number of asylum applicants, First-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the, Total applicants includes first-time and repeated applicants. Total decisions equal to positive decisions plus negative decisions. The number of asylum seekers in Europe has increased in recent years with a … It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. It aims to reduce unsafe and irregular routes and promote sustainable and safe legal pathways for those in need of protection. Of the 27,000 refugee present in Greece by the end of 2018, 57 percent live in urban areas. Published: 14 Jan 2021 'People are traumatised and scared': Germany's student-run law clinics for refugees Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in nine EU Member States, Afghan in five, while Venezuelan, although among the top 3, was the main citizenship in only one EU Member State, namely Spain (Table 3). quarter of 2019 (Figure 3). Rate of recognition is the share of (first instance) positive decisions in the total number of decisions at first instance. Asylum Seekers in Europe August 2020 The main source of data covering Europe as a whole is the Eurostat database. As such, the number of persons seeking asylum from non-EU countries in the EU-27 during the third quarter of 2020 amounted to 111 700 (Figure 1, Table 2). Refugee Statistics . It creates faster, seamless migration processes and stronger governance of migration and borders policies, supported by modern IT systems and more effective agencies. Refugees from Manus Island and Nauru are now being quietly resettled in Europe and Canada without ... Mosaic has dedicated all of its 2020 spaces to … RYAN BAUGH . Most settled in cities such as Istanbul, where they can find work. The data used for this publication are provided to Eurostat by the interior and justice ministries or immigration agencies of the Member States and EFTA countries. This chart shows the countries hosting the most refugees as of mid-2020. The highest number of first-time asylum applicants in the third quarter of 2020 was registered in Germany (with 27 200 first-time applicants, or 24 % of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States), followed by Spain (26 900, or 24 %), France (21 700, or 19 %) and Greece (8 600, or 8 %). Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan were the top 3 citizenships of asylum seekers, lodging 18 100, 11 200 and 9 600 applications respectively (Table 1). Of the 11 200 Afghans, 31 % (3 400) applied for the first time for asylum in France. First-time asylum applicants down by 30 % in Q3 2020 compared with Q3 2019 and up by 132 % compared with Q2 2020 . Apart from statistics on first asylum applicants, these data are supplied in accordance with the provisions of Article 4 of the Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection. 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